Tenet 8: Recognize and Serve Subpopulations of Youth
In addition to racial and ethnic disparities, other forms of biased treatment pervade the juvenile justice system, especially for girls and young women; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youth; immigrant youth; non-English speakers; teen parents; homeless youth; students with special education needs, and crossover youth (those in both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems). It is imperative to understand the unique pathways that bring youth into the system and respond by ensuring that youth aren’t treated inappropriately and more harshly based on their demographic or personal characteristics. Systems should respond to youth as individuals and ensure that justice policies and practices are trauma-informed, gender-responsive, LGBTQ-affirming, and culturally and linguistically competent. Likewise, jurisdictions should adopt non-discrimination policies, practices, and trainings to ensure that all youth are treated equitably.
- Annie E. Casey Foundation: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
- Annie E. Casey Foundation, Non-Citizen Youth in the Juvenile Justice System